How Soap Works – Simplified

How Soap Works – Simplified

 

The process of making soap is called saponification.  At the very simplest level saponification is when you form soap by reacting an oil or fat, which is acidic, with lye, which is basic.

  • Regular soap is made by reacting animal fats with with the base
  • Castile Soap is made by reacting vegetable or plant based oils with the base

A soap molecule has two ends.   One that loves water and one that hates it!

  • The hydrophilic end of a soap molecule loves water
  • The hydrophobic end of a soap molecule hates water

When grease or oil are mixed with a soapy water solution the soap molecules work like a connector between the grease and the water molecules.

  • The end of the soap molecule that hates water surrounds the grease and the dirt
  • The end of the soap molecule that loves water attaches itself to the water molecules

Then when the soapy water is lifted off the surface it takes the grease, oil and dirt with it.

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Motivated Maids Inc.

4 Comments

  1. erotik on November 13, 2020 at 1:09 am

    That is really attention-grabbing, You are a very professional blogger. Constantina Georg Catherin

    • Motivated Maids Inc. on November 13, 2020 at 6:57 pm

      Thank you for your kind words!

  2. erotik on November 13, 2020 at 5:45 pm

    I really like your writing style, excellent info, regards for posting :D. Cecile Wilek Pinkham

    • Motivated Maids Inc. on November 13, 2020 at 6:56 pm

      Thank you. We work to get better every day!

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